European Journal of Biochemistry, Vol 93, 339-343, Copyright © 1979 by Federation of European Biochemical Societies


Cobalt(III) labeling of methionyl-tRNA synthetase from Escherichia coli

T Kalogerakos, S Blanquet and JP Waller

Native and trypsin-modified methionyl-tRNA synthetases from Escherichia coli were found to be inactivated by incubation in the presence of Co(III) complexes of ATP, stabilized either by imidazole or phenanthroline, or by oxidation in situ to Co(III) of the substrate ATP- Co(II). It has been shown that the inactivation proceeds by specific labeling of the catalytic ATP-Mg(II) site of the synthetases. The enzymes are completely inactivated by the incorporation of one cobalt atom and one ATP molecule per active site. The inactivated enzymes may be stored for a long period without significant reactivation or removal of the cobalt label. In the presence of dithiothreitol or 2- mercaptoethanol, the labeled enzymes recover full activity with concomittant release of the bound label molecules.